What is the treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency

f you have pernicious anemia or have trouble absorbing vitamin B12, you will need injections of this vitamin initially. Then continue with the next injection and switch to a high-dose oral supplement.

If you do not eat animal products, you have options such as supplementing your diet with vitamin B12 fortified cereals, taking supplements, injecting or taking high doses of vitamin B12 if you are deficient. .

Older adults with a vitamin B12 deficiency may need to take a daily vitamin B12 supplement or a multivitamin containing B12.

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In most cases, with adequate vitamin B12 supplementation, symptoms resolve to some extent, but nerve damage from vitamin B12 deficiency can be permanent.

Side effects of vitamin B12

When used in appropriate doses, vitamin B12 supplements are very safe for the body. While the recommended daily amount of vitamin B12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms, you can take a slightly higher dose because the body only absorbs the right amount and the excess is excreted through the water. urine.

However, in the case of high doses of Vitamin B12, such as those used to treat deficiency, side effects such as:

Dizzy

Headache

Tired

Nausea

Vomit

Drug interactions

When the patient uses the following drugs with vitamin B12, the body can reduce the absorption of vitamin such as:

Aminosalicylic acid for the treatment of digestive problems.

Colchicine (Colcrys, Mitigare) to prevent and treat gout attacks.

Metformin (Glumetza, Glucophage, Fortamet) treats diabetes.

Proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), or other medicines that reduce stomach acid.

Taking vitamin B12 with vitamin C might decrease the amount of vitamin B12 available in your body. To avoid this interaction, take vitamin B12 first, and then take vitamin C for 2 hours or more.

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